Terpenes are what give plants their taste and smell. There is evidence that terpenes play a part in helping the body heal. Terpenes are responsible for scent and flavor. They are found in cannabis, plants, fruits, and more; each having its own medicinal properties. Different terpenes have different values and not everybody reacts the same.
Some people have said that some terpenes have helped them with insomnia, some with inflammation and so on. In milligrams (mg), you will need to figure out the dosage that best works for you. To do this you will need to take the total mg in the product and divide by the quantity you are taking. This will help so that even if you change brands or potency you can still take the correct amount.
The terpene count in CBD is important because terpenes affect everyone in different ways and once you find out how terpenes affect you differently, you will know which CBD products to buy and which ones not to. Limonene, Pinene, Myrcene, B-Caryophyllene are a few of the most popular terpenes and they all have different benefits. Some brands are highest in Pinene, others Myrcene, and others Limonene.
Essentially, terpenes provide the same benefit that the CBD oil does, but the CBD oil is not always enough and the terpenes work in conjunction with the CBD. It's similar to the "entourage effect". That is what terpenes help with. They basically strengthen certain specific characteristics that CBD oil already has. Adding a boost to the effect or overall efficacy in a positive way.
Full spectrum oils will have terpenes but if you need more of something you can add a terpene to your CBD or you can mix with a carrier oil if you don't want to mess with your CBD and just take them together.
Terpenes have potent physiological effects and even sometimes psychoactive effects, not like THC but in their own way (like mood elevation), and if you've come to learn which terpenes work best for you and you have separate terpenes that you use in an isolate for breakthrough episodes, then knowing which terpenes are present in the product may become very important to you. Bluebird Botanicals is one brand that makes it a point to list the terpenes featured in each batch.
It is important to know that the terpenes ratio and composition changes even within the same plant strain from season to season and from harvest to harvest so what you have determined to be the ideal botanical brand and product may be markedly different on the very next batch.
Is it important to know that terpenes are not a type of CBD oil. If you are new to CBD oil, I wouldn’t get caught up in terpenes yet. If you take a full spectrum oil there’s already terpenes in it.
How to Use Terpenes?
Terpenes don't have to be cannabis-derived; however, there seem to be people claiming, cannabis-derived terpenes are more effective. Scientifically there's no difference if the limonene is derived from lemons or from cannabis. The difference is, for example, lemons contain much more limonene then cannabis does, so it's much more cost effective.
Most terpenes used in CBD oil come from plants other than cannabis plants. Terpenes are nearly always added post-production after being purchased from a commercial source. Nearly all terpenes used in this industry are sourced from citrus processors. It is extremely difficult and expensive to try to salvage or reclaim the terps from the original distillation process. The distillation heat corrupts the terpenes to the point that they are little more than a tar-like residual in the bottom of the apparatus. And they smell and taste HORRIBLE. At that point, they have no bioactive function. So they are scraped out of the distillation flask and discarded in a way that is consistent with removing a thoroughly unwanted noxious substance. Nice new clean ones are purchased elsewhere and added in post-production.
Depending on what you want to mix the terpenes into and what bioavailability you want, you can mix them into lots of different CBD delivery methods - sublingual oils, vape concentrates (solids), even lotions and topicals.
Make small test batches so you can try them out without converting a whole bottle of CBD product just to one terpenes strain. Buy sample packs of terps for small amounts to test. Read up on them and try to pick profiles that are very different to cast a wide net.
You can do the small batch method with either solids or liquids. Divide out your portions (measure them via graduated dropper or syringe) if liquid or weight if solid. Then add the proper ratio like 1 drop for every 2.5ml of liquid (1% solution) or 1 drop per 200-250mg of solids, you can add a bit more after you try it and like it.
Once you know which terpene profile works best for you, after multiple tests with success, then you can feel comfortable adding to a full bottle of sublingual oil that doesn't really work for you. I've found it actually boosts the success rates of those products which were previously duds. Took me a lot of trial and error though, it doesn't usually happen on the first attempt.
Most terpenes on the market are food grade isolated. There are also a few companies extracting hemp and Cannabis terpenes. The terpenes extracted from Cannabis are more expensive than the food grade terps extracted from other plants. Just remember broad spectrum and full spectrum contain terpenes already so check your lab reports and do not dump terpenes into a bottle of CBD as you will ruin it they need to be properly diluted.
How do I know what terpenes are in a particular CBD?
Look for lab testing, if you don't see any, then ask the CBD brand for some.
Not all CBD brands test for terpenes, but it’s easy enough to buy specific terpenes that you want. Some brands don't see a reason to. It is similar to testing your favorite wine for the various flavor overtones like oak, citrus, and tannins. They are a part of the finished product, but describing the individual component ratios of dozens or even hundreds of terpenes is simply not worth it for them. They do matter, but not as much as much as knowing alcohol percentage or CBD mg.
The best way to find what terpenes they use it to ask what flavor other people experience. That should narrow down the most prominent terpenes used in the oil. For example, I found out Green Roads uses humulene as their main terpenes, based on their earthy notes.
Are Terpenes Psychoactive?
No, they contain no THC/CBD at all.
I’d check the terpene levels of other CBDs to determine if that level is low, average or high.
Just a caution here that terpenes MUST be heavily diluted in a carrier oil for consumption. with either a CBD isolate or MCT oil ...coconut...or olive oil...terpene concentrates need a carrier oil
Beginners should probably wait, especially if you have a full or broad spectrum with a really good terpene profile. It is best to add terpenes to a CBD isolate vape, sublingual or another carrier oil for sublingual only; that way you're not overloading.
You almost have to be a nerdy type to be messing with the terpenes on top of everything else.